- Any person who in time of war, shall have correspondence with an enemy country or territory occupied by enemy troops shall be punished: 1. Article 302. That the act be committed with evident premeditation. 4. 3. By using any fictitious name or pretending the exercise of public authority. 3. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos shall be imposed upon the person in charge, employee or workman of any manufacturing or industrial establishment who, to the prejudice of the owner thereof, shall reveal the secrets of the industry of the latter. — Any person sentenced to any of the perpetual penalties shall be pardoned after undergoing the penalty for thirty years, unless such person by reason of his conduct or some other serious cause shall be considered by the Chief Executive as unworthy of pardon. … — The penalty of arresto mayor shall be imposed upon: 1. The deprivation of the right to vote in any election for any popular elective office or to be elected to such office. The word “obligation or security of the United States or of the Philippine Islands” shall be held to mean all bonds, certificates of indebtedness, national bank notes, coupons, United States or Philippine Islands notes, treasury notes, fractional notes, certificates of deposit, bills, checks, or drafts for money, drawn by or upon authorized officers of the United States or of the Philippine Islands, and other representatives of value, of whatever denomination, which have been or may be issued under any act of the Congress of the United States or of the Philippine Legislature. (As amended by R.A. 5467, approved May 12, 1969). That the act be committed with treachery (alevosia). Introduction: Although the offenders are principally public officers, there are crimes under this title which may also be committed by private persons by themselves as such, like if the crime of Infidelity in the Custody of a Prisoner and Malversation by a Private person under Article 222. ARTICLE 113. 2. 7. 4, RA No. - In default of the persons criminally liable, innkeepers, tavernkeepers, and any other persons or corporations shall be civilly liable for crimes committed in their establishments, in all cases where a violation of municipal ordinances or some general or special police regulation shall have been committed by them or their employees. A fine not exceeding 200 pesos and censure shall be imposed upon any person who, by simple imprudence or negligence, shall cause some wrong which, if done maliciously, would have constituted a light felony. — The crime of sedition is committed by persons who rise publicly and tumultuously in order to attain by force any of the following objects: 1. 2. Abortion Practiced by a Physician or Midwife and Dispensing of Abortives. - If death resulted as a consequence of arson committed on any of the properties and under any of the circumstances mentioned in the preceding articles, the court shall impose the death penalty. Article 235. Preliminary investigation of criminal action for written defamations as provided for in the chapter shall be conducted by the provincial or city fiscal of the province or city, or by the municipal court of the city or capital of the province where such action may be instituted in accordance with the provisions of this article. Article 13. Prohibited transactions. No. 4. - In case the property of the offender should not be sufficient for the payment of all his pecuniary liabilities, the same shall be met in the following order: 2. Anyone who acts in defense of his person or rights, provided that the following circumstances concur; Second. Aggravating Circumstances. A trade-name or trade-mark as herein used is a word or words, name, title, symbol, emblem, sign or device, or any combination thereof used as an advertisement, sign, label, poster, or otherwise, for the purpose of enabling the public to distinguish the business of the person who owns and uses said trade-name or trade-mark. ARTICLE 143. (As amended by RA 4661, approved June 19, 1966). 2. Making any alteration or intercalation in a genuine document which changes its meaning; 7. Those punishable by a correctional penalty shall prescribe in ten years; with the exception of those punishable by arresto mayor, which shall prescribe in five years. ARTICLE 327. Who are Liable for Malicious Mischief . Slavery. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods and a fine ranging from 300 to 10,000 pesos shall be imposed upon any person who shall import or bring into the Philippine Islands any prohibited drug. Article 51. Chapter TwoPARTIAL EXTINCTION OF CRIMINAL LIABILITY. The penalty of prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods, if the value of the thing stolen is more than 6,000 pesos but does not exceed 12,000 pesos. — Any person who, by means of violence against or intimidation of persons, shall take possession of any real property or shall usurp any real rights in property belonging to another, in addition to the penalty incurred for the acts of violence executed by him, shall be punished by a fine of from 50 to 100 per centum of the gain which he shall have obtained, but not less than 75 pesos. Chapter SevenCOMMISSION OF ANOTHER CRIME DURING SERVICE OF PENALTY IMPOSED FOR ANOTHER PREVIOUS OFFENSE. When the physical injuries inflicted are of a less serious nature and the person responsible therefor cannot be identified, all those who appear to have used any violence upon the person of the offended party shall be punished by arresto from five to fifteen days. Liability of Ascendants, Guardians, Teachers, or Other Persons Entrusted with the Custody of the Offended Party. ARTICLE 191. In case the maximum penalty to which the accused may be sentenced is destierro, he shall be released after thirty (30) days of preventive imprisonment. (As amended by R.A. 5467, approved May 12, 1969). ARTICLE 15. - A penalty lower by two degrees than that prescribed by law for the consummated felony shall be imposed upon the principals in an attempt to commit a felony. 4. The failure of a public officer to have duly forthcoming any public funds or property with which he is chargeable, upon demand by any duly authorized officer, shall be prima facie evidence that he has put such missing funds or property to personal use. Bigamy. A conspiracy exists when two or more persons come to an agreement concerning the commission of a felony and decide to commit it. ARTICLE 64. Article 94. Any member of a band who is present at the commission of a robbery in an uninhabited place and by a band, shall be punished as principal of any of the assaults committed by the band, unless it be shown that he attempted to prevent the same. Any person who by means of printing, lithography, or any other means of publication shall publish or cause to be published as news any false news which may endanger the public order, or cause damage to the interest or credit of the State; 2. 187). Felonies – acts and omissions punishable by the Revised Penal Code. Notification and Execution of the Sentence and Assistance to the Culprit. ARTICLE 278. Any less serious physical injuries inflicted upon the offender's parents, ascendants, guardians, curators, teachers, or persons of rank, or persons in authority, shall be punished by prision correccional in its minimum and medium periods, provided that, in the case of persons in authority, the deed does not constitute the crime of assault upon such person. 3. Article 273. - Parricide, murder, homicide. The penalty of reclusion perpetua to death, when by reason or on occasion of the robbery, the crime of homicide shall have been committed. Any person who, knowing the purpose for which the trade-name, trade-mark, or service mark of a person is to be used, prints, lithographs, or in any way reproduces such trade-name, trade-mark, or service mark, or a colorable imitation thereof, for another person, to enable that other person to fraudulently use such trade-name, trade-mark, or service mark on his own goods or in connection with the sale or advertising of his services. 11. Any less serious physical injuries inflicted upon the offender’s parents, ascendants, guardians, curators, teachers, or persons of rank, or persons in authority, shall be punished by prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods, provided that, in the case of persons in authority, the deed does not constitute the crime of assault upon such persons. - Any person who, by means of violence, shall seize anything belonging to his debtor for the purpose of applying the same to the payment of the debt, shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor in its minimum period and a fine equivalent to the value of the thing, but in no case less than 75 pesos. Attempted and frustrated robbery committed under certain circumstances. Acts of Lasciviousness with the Consent of the Offended Party. The provisions contained in this article shall not be applicable: 1. Article 119. 7. 7659). Special Time Allowance for Loyalty. ARTICLE 84. The action to demand restoration, reparation, and indemnification likewise descends to the heirs of the person injured. — Any person who shall without lawful cause have in his possession picklocks or similar tools especially adapted to the commission of the crime of robbery, shall be punished by arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisión correccional in its minimum period. — Any judge who shall knowingly render an unjust judgment in any case submitted to him for decision, shall be punished by prisión mayor and perpetual absolute disqualification. Any person found guilty of any of the offenses covered by this articles shall be punished by arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos, and in case of recidivism, by arresto mayor in its medium period to prision correccional in its minimum period or a fine ranging from 200 to 2,000 pesos, or both, in the discretion of the court. Chartered cities shall pay two-thirds of said expenses; and in case a chartered city cannot pay said expenses, the internal revenue allotments which may be due to said city shall be withheld and applied in settlement of said indebtedness in accordance with section five hundred and eighty-eight of the Administrative Code. Article 33. No. — The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos, or both, shall be imposed upon any person who, having been elected by popular election to a public office, shall refuse without legal motive to be sworn in or to discharge the duties of said office. 3815 AN ACT REVISING THE PENAL CODE AND OTHER PENAL LAWS (December 8, 1930) BOOK TWO CRIMES AND PENALTIES Title One CRIMES AGAINST NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE LAW OF NATIONS Chapter One CRIMES AGAINST NATIONAL SECURITY Section One. Inducing a minor to abandon his home. Death — Its Accessory Penalties. How Criminal Liability is Totally Extinguished. ARTICLE 144. - Any person who shall wound, beat, or assault another, shall be guilty of the crime of serious physical injuries and shall suffer: 1. When light felonies are punishable. — Civil liability established in articles 100, 101, 102, and 103 of this Code shall be extinguished in the same manner as other obligations, in accordance with the provisions of the Civil Law. — Without prejudice to the provisions contained in article 22 of this Code, felonies and misdemeanors, committed prior to the date of effectiveness of this Code shall be punished in accordance with the Code or Acts in force at the time of their commission. - The crime of rebellion or insurrection is committed by rising publicly and taking arms against the Government for the purpose of removing from the allegiance to said Government or its laws, the territory of the Philippine Islands or any part thereof, of any body of land, naval or other armed forces, depriving the Chief Executive or the Legislature, wholly or partially, of any of their powers or prerogatives. — The following are exempt from criminal liability: 1. The same rules shall be observed with regard of fines that do not consist of a fixed amount, but are made proportional. Espionage. Machinations, Monopolies, and Combinations. ARTICLE 287. The court, in committing said minor as provided above, shall take into consideration the religion of such minor, his parents or next of kin, in order to avoid his commitment to any private institution not under the control and supervision of the religious sect or denomination to which they belong. — When by reason or on occasion of an attempted or frustrated robbery a homicide is committed the person guilty of such offenses shall be punished by reclusión temporal in its maximum period to reclusión perpetua, unless the homicide committed shall deserve a higher penalty under the provisions of this Code. Article 282. Any person who, in unfair competition and for the purposes of deceiving or defrauding another of his legitimate trade or the public in general, shall sell his goods giving them the general appearance of goods of another manufacturer or dealer, either as to the goods themselves, or in the wrapping of the packages in which they are contained or the device or words thereon or in any other features of their appearance which would be likely to induce the public to believe that the goods offered are those of a manufacturer or dealer other than the actual manufacturer or dealer or shall give other persons a chance or opportunity to do the same with a like purpose. How forgery is committed. Managed by EDP/IT Division of the Presidential Communications Operations Office (PCOO), Presidential Communications Operations Office (PCOO). Arresto menor in its minimum period or a fine not exceeding 50 pesos, when the value of the thing stolen is not over 5 pesos, and the offender shall have acted under the impulse of hunger, poverty, or the difficulty of earning a livelihood for the support of himself or his family. Delay in the Delivery of Detained Persons to the Proper Judicial Authorities. - The penalty of arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos, or both, shall be imposed upon any person who except during the period allowed by law, shall be on horse races. — The penalty of reclusión temporal shall be imposed upon any person who shall forge the Great Seal of the Government of the Philippine Islands or the signature or stamp of the Chief Executive. Those who take a direct part in the execution of the act; 2. Act 2711, Sections 102, 2670, 2671, and 2672. 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