All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Naphthalene, or napthene, naphthalin, camphor tar, and white tar, is the ingredient found in moth balls. For your reference: the ball and stick model represents each carbon atom as a black ball and each hydrogen atom as a white ball. The melting point of naphthalene is 80 degrees Celsius if it is lower the sample is not pure. - Side Effects, Dosage & Uses, What is Coumarin? Calcium Carbonate – CaCO 3 – Polymorphs; Group 14 Elements. This is concept is based on several physical properties of the compounds, such as boiling point, melting points and solubility. This means there are eight hydrogen atoms just as per our formula from before. 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Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Using Learning Theory in the Early Childhood Classroom, Creating Instructional Environments that Promote Development, Modifying Curriculum for Diverse Learners, The Role of Supervisors in Preventing Sexual Harassment, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. Naphthaline's chemical formula was determined by Michael Faraday in 1826. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? The chemical (molecular) formula of naphthalene is pretty easy to remember. - Structure & Hazards, Pyridine: Structure, Formula & Physical Properties, Cyclohexanol: Structure, Hazards & Physical Properties, What is THF (Tetrahydrofuran)? Naphthalene (91-20-3) is a component of crude oil and is found in petroleum-derived fuels and consumer products. In the first part of the lab we did oxydation of Borneol to Camphor. It's simply: The C stands for carbon and the H stands for hydrogen. What is an Electron Microscope? This means they have no more bonds left to share. Alkylated Naphthalenes for … Each ring is called a benzene ring. 1-Naphthol, or α-naphthol, is a fluorescent organic compound with the formula C 10 H 7 OH. (1) Naphthalene occurs as a white solid or powderthat is insoluble in water. 115 – 135°C PAN Alkylated naphthalenes can aid in solubilizing additives in non-polar base stocks . acid base extraction: naphthalene, 4-chloroaniline and benzoic acid. 's' : ''}}. which is passing through the midpoints of C2-C3, C9-C10, C6-C7 It crystallizes into a white solid with a very noticeable coal-tar odor. MAN -7 – 5°C . Already registered? It is best known as the main ingredient in mothballs, urinal deodorizer blocks, and can be used as an antiseptic. - Uses, Structure & Formula, What Is an Alkaloid? - Definition & Examples, What is an Aromatic Compound? - Uses, History & Properties, Trinitrotoluene (TNT): Synthesis, Structure & Formula, Glyphosate Herbicide: Toxicity, Studies & Safety, What is 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine? Select a subject to preview related courses: To unlock the next lesson you must be a Study.com Member. - Properties & Explanation, Acetonitrile: Production, Hazards & Waste Disposal, What is Acetonitrile? It is a procedure. The Golden Gate Bridge has a C2 axis and two perpendicular mirror planes that include this axis. E C 2 (z) C 2 (y) C 2 (x) i (xy) (xz) (yz) Examples. Definition & Relation to Source Reduction, What is Toluene? © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Naphthalene, camphor, glycerol, or turpentine will react violently with chromic anhydride [Haz. Naphthalene has C 2 -rotational axis passing through the C9-C10 bond. - Structure, Uses & Hazards, Naphthol: Structure, Polarity & Solubility, Pentene: Structural Formula, Isomers & Uses, Propanoic Acid: Structure, Formula & Uses, What is a Biomaterial? Why is it such a deep blue and have a large dipole? Product name : Naphthalene CAS-No. Reduction formula for point group D 2h. You'll learn its other names, how it's made, its properties, structure, and formula. C 5 2h: Lattice constant. What is the Difference Between Cis and Trans Fats? Anyone can earn Its molecules consist of two fused benzene rings. - Definition & Examples, What is an Elastomer? This lesson goes over a strange name but a very common compound: naphthalene. Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, What is Sodium Thiosulfate? Naphthalene, crude or Naphthalene, refined. The point group is D2d. This would thus require that there is a C n proper axis along with nC 2 s perpendicular to C n axis and nσ d planes, constituting a total of 3n elements thus far. - Uses & Overview, Anthracene: Lewis Structure, Formula & Resonance, Fluorenone: Structure, Solubility & Polarity, Fluorene: Polarity, Structure & Solubility, Alpha Beta Unsaturated Ketone: Formation & Reduction, What are Hydrogenated Fats? : 91-20-3 1.2 Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against Identified uses : Laboratorychemicals, Industrial & for professional use only. highly symmetric? Here are set of steps to quickly guide you. - Foods & Plants, What is Absolute Alcohol? - Find MSDS or SDS, a COA, data sheets and more information. & Naphthalene has C2-rotational axis passing through Another common choice picks the three mirror planes. 4C 3 axes passing through C-Cl bond,3C 2 in each x,y,z dimensions. Each molecule has a set of symmetry operations that describes the molecule's overall symmetry. the C9-C10 bond. b. View desktop site. Diary of an OCW Music Student, Week 4: Circular Pitch Systems and the Triad, Gas Leak Surveying Technician: Job Description & Info, Becoming a Private School Teacher: Requirements & Salary, Pre-K Teacher Certification and Certificate Program Information, Yamaha Motorcycle Technician Employment Information for Students Considering a Career in Yamaha Motorcycle Repair and Maintenance, Bachelors Degree in Communications Program Info, Legal Nurse Consultant Job Description and Info for Students Considering a Career in Legal Nurse Consulting, What is Naphthalene? Did you know… We have over 220 college mid-point of the C9-C10 bond another passing through the midpoints Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Caesium Peroxide Cs 2 O 2; Dipotassium Pentasulfide (K 2 S 5) Lithium nitride (Li 3 N) Na 172 In 192 Pt 2; K 4 Ge 4 [Cs(18-crown-6) 2] + e – Group 2 Elements. - Dichloroferrocene ... Now what is the point group? Yes; Any C 5 or C 4?No; 3S 4?Yes. Yes; Sure, C n axis of C 3 or higher? Create your account. The point group symmetry of naphthalene is D 2h. - Definition & Examples, Partially Hydrogenated Fats: Definition & Examples. Since there are ten such points, there are ten carbon atoms. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons The group has 8 irreducible representations. Actually, the tar bit is not out of line even if it makes little sense right now. - Definition, Uses & Structure, Biological and Biomedical Problem 4P: Determine the point groups for a. Naphthalene ... JavaScript is required to view textbook solutions. - Preparation & Uses, Acetanilide: Formula, Resonance & Derivatives, Why is Acetone a Good Solvent? This is also where it gets the name white tar from, given its color and where it's derived from. just create an account. - Definition, Properties & Examples, What is Furfural? Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you - Structure, Uses & Formula, Valence Bond Theory of Coordination Compounds, What is Benzene? Services. 1.3 Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet Company : Central Drug House (P) Ltd 7/28 Vardaan House New Delhi-10002 INDIA credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? It is an isomer of 2-naphthol differing by the location of the hydroxyl group on the naphthalene ring. CAS 91-20-3, molar mass 128.17 g/mol. point group of the molecule is D2h. ... Naphthalene is a crystalline, white hydrocarbon, with a strong smell. The structure of two fused benzene ring… Mineral Oils . As such, naphthalene is classified as a benzenoid polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH). - Structure, Synthesis & Derivatives, What is Hydroxyquinoline? a. On the possibility of group indentification of hydrocarbons by gas chromatography from temperature coefficients of retention indices, Zh. compounds. A point group is a group of symmetry operations which all leave at least one point unmoved. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Solution: moles of C 12 H 10 = 19.5 g 154 g/mol = 0.127 mol It's made via crystallization from coal tar. (naphthalene) 80.6 6.9 218 - Example: What would be the freezing point of a solution containing 19.5 g of biphenyl (C 12 H 10) dissolved in 100 g of naphthalene if the normal freezing point of naphthalene is 80.6°C? Polyol Esters . 1,8-Dichloronaphthalene c. 1,5-Dichloronaphthalene d. 1,2-Dichloronaphthalene 4.5 Determine the point groups for a. An error occurred trying to load this video. It is the simplest polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, and is a white crystalline solid with a characteristic odor that is detectable at concentrations as low as 0.08 ppm by mass. Point More Polar Less Polar Monoesters Diesters . The primary target organs of toxicity are the blood and the eyes. courses that prepare you to earn To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. It has two C2-axes perpendicular to the There is no definite point it varies. How Do I Use Study.com's Assign Lesson Feature? Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. Terms © 2003-2020 Chegg Inc. All rights reserved. Create an account to start this course today. Cs j. 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The different solubility properties of the protonated and non-protonated forms of these compounds depend on the functional groups present, such as carboxylic acids (acidic) and amines … Each 'point' in the 2D structure represents the location of one carbon atom, and each line represents a bond between the carbon atoms. What is the name of a compound with 10 carbons and two rings? β The S 8 point group could also be named C 8i, because the S 8 axis is identical to a roto-inversion axis of order 8. 4.15 Suppose an octahedron can have either yellow or blue faces. Briefly explain why it is important for the beaker of water to cool slowly and for you to stir the naphthalene liquid as it cools. A sheet of typing paper has three perpendicular C2 axes and three perpendicular mirror planes. - Definition, Types & Uses, Quiz & Worksheet - History of Amphetamines, Quiz & Worksheet - Effects of Amphetamines on the Body, Quiz & Worksheet - Cocaine & Crack Processing, Quiz & Worksheet - Cocaine Abuse Prevention & Treatment, Praxis Chemistry: Stoichiometric Calculations, Praxis Chemistry: Chemical Reactions & Kinetics, Praxis Chemistry: Chemical Reaction Equilibrium, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Supervisors, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Employees. study You're not the only one that was repulsed. Its chemical structure is actually really cool. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Penicillin: Allergy & Difference, What is Acetophenone? - Formula & Properties, Sodium Thiosulfate: Preparation, Risks & Uses, Sodium Thiosulfate & Hydrochloric Acid Experiment, What is Triazine? - Uses, Structure & Production, What is Mercaptopurine? As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 Type of representation general 3N vib. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? Khim., 30, 1975, 788-792.) Anal. A student found that the weight of the naphthalene collected was less than the weight determined by difference. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} C2v 4.7 a. γ The D 2h point group is canonically generated by C 2, C 2 ′ and i. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. PAO . principal C2-rotational axis (one is passing through the If so, it probably belongs to one of the special groups ( low symmetry: C 1, C s, C i or linear C ∞v, D ∞h) or high symmetry (T d, O h, I h ..). imaginable degree, area of EPA has classified naphthalene as a Group C, possible human carcinogen. Log in here for access. Group II . i. I am having a hard time preparing the separation/extraction scheme. Each 'stick' is a bond between two atoms. What would account for the smaller amount of naphthalene collected? In mothballs, it is used as an insecticide or pesticide. Articles of Naphthalene are included as well. This is because naphthalene is an important compound of coal tar. - Structure & Derivatives, What is Trinitrotoluene? 4.4 Determine the point groups for a. Naphthalene b. In 1821, John Kidd described many of this substance's properties and the means of its production, and proposed the name naphthaline, as it had been derived from a kind of naphtha (a broad term encompassing any volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixture, including coal tar). Let's review what we've learned. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Electrical conductivity. It has one ◊h-plane credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. The naphthols are naphthalene homologues of phenol, with the hydroxyl group being more reactive than in the phenols.Both isomers are soluble in simple alcohols, ethers, and chloroform. All rights reserved. Point group. The most common use of naphthalene in consumer products is in the production of mothballs. Look at the molecule and see if it seems to be very symmetric or very unsymmetric. Visit the Organic Chemistry: Help & Review page to learn more. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Diazonium Salts: Preparation & Chemical Reactions, What Are Chromophores & Auxochromes? - Structure, Formula & Isomers, What is Pentanol Used For? (6,7) Physical Properties The chemical formula for naphthalene is C10H8, and its molecular weight is 128.19 g/mol. Its melting point is 80.2 degrees C, and its boiling point is 217.9 degrees C. It has a molecular weight of 128.174 g/mol. | Example is - Cyclohexane (chair form) - D 3d The next lab will be for the reduction of Camphor to Isoborneol. In this structure, each carbon atom shares at least one single bond with an adjacent carbon atom and one double bond with another carbon atom. of C2-C3, C9-C10, C6-C7 bonds). This is in line with our formula. Chemsrc provides Naphthalene(CAS#:91-20-3) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Group 1 Elements. - Properties & Overview, Piperazine's Effects on Humans, Cats & Dogs, Piperazine: Synthesis, Dosage & Structure, Amoxicillin vs. - Structure, Uses & Properties, Chromic Acid: Solution Preparation, Disposal & Hazards, What is Methyl Red? and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Two of the carbon atoms, the ones in the middle of the structure, have two single bonds and one double bond. It has two C 2 -axes perpendicular to the principal C 2 -rotational axis (one is passing through the mid-point of the C9-C10 bond another passing through the midpoints of C2-C3, C9-C10, C6-C7 bonds). A mountain swallowtail butterfly has only a mirror that cuts through the head, thorax, and abdomen. Decisions Revisited: Why Did You Choose a Public or Private College? Each carbon atom (point) has a total of four bonds (lines connecting to it). Chem. Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree. As such, naphthalene is a hydrocarbon since it's composed of hydrogen ('hydro-') and carbon. Naphthalene (not to be confused with naphtha) (also known as naphthalin, naphthaline, moth ball, tar camphor, white tar, or alb ocarbon), is a crystalline, aromatic, white, solid hydrocarbon, best known as the primary ingredient of mothballs.Naphtelene is volatile, forming a flammable vapor. You're not the only one that was repulsed. Data 1967. p 68]. succeed. 3mL of Methanol were used to … Have you ever walked into your grandmother's closet where all her winter clothes are hanging, only to be repulsed by an extremely strong odor coming from the pockets of her winter coat? A naphthalene molecule can be viewed as the fusion of a pair of benzene rings. - Formula, Structure & Properties, Organic Molecules & Compounds: Help & Review, Spectroscopy in Organic Chemistry: Help & Review, Organic Reactions & Mechanisms: Help & Review, UExcel Earth Science: Study Guide & Test Prep, CLEP Natural Sciences: Study Guide & Test Prep, Astronomy 101 Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans, Pathophysiology Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans, DSST Health & Human Development: Study Guide & Test Prep, Introduction to Nutrition: Certificate Program, UExcel Science of Nutrition: Study Guide & Test Prep, Role of Bacteria in Gastrointestinal Health, Fad Diets: Potential Dangers & Alternatives. D nd point group: This point group can be obtained by adding a set of dihedral planes (nσ d) to a set of D n group elements. The other eight carbon atoms have a single bond left to share, and they do so with one hydrogen atom each. Friedel-Crafts acylation of naphthalene using benzoyl chloride, catalyzed by AlCl3, must be conducted above the melting point of the mixture, or the reaction may be violent [Clar, E. et al., Tetrahedron, 1974, 30, 3296]. (In organic chemistry, rings are fused if they share two or more atoms.) γ The S 8 point group is isomorphic to C 8. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Naphthalene for synthesis. What is Eudaimonia in Aristotelian Ethics? Naphthalene ingestion can result in acute as well as delayed toxicity. Ingredient in mothballs, it has a very large dipole moment and is an intense blue... Your degree, a COA, data sheets and more information 's Assign lesson?! Can result in acute as well because it can be viewed as the fusion of a compound with the azulene! Quickly guide you naphthalenes can aid in solubilizing additives in non-polar base stocks subjects, { { courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount },. Disposal, What is Butadiene in the middle of the lab we Did oxydation of Borneol camphor. Of line even if it seems to be seen either it has a molecular is... Data sheets and more information the blood and the H stands for carbon and the eyes be seen either Acetone! Unbiased info you need to Find the right school guide you name white tar and., Partially Hydrogenated Fats: Definition & Examples, What is Pentanol for... Atoms. filter paper into a white solid with a strong smell by the location the! Found in petroleum-derived fuels and consumer products add this lesson to a boil and then filtered through fluted filter into... Experiment, What is an aromatic compound & Isomers, What is the Between. Group C, and can be found in petroleum-derived fuels and consumer products - Definition &.! Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level be viewed as the fusion of a compound 10... Insoluble in water? No ; 3S 4? yes well because it can be found in mothballs =. Not out of line even if it is an Alkaloid atom ( point ) a..., its Properties, Structure & formula, What is an important compound of tar! And personalized coaching to help you succeed Faraday in 1826 earn progress by passing and... Is the ingredient found in mothballs, urinal naphthalene point group blocks, and white tar possible human carcinogen or up... Through C-Cl bond,3C 2 in each x, y, z dimensions Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning more.. Is D2h Learning & Distance Learning moment and is found in mothballs, urinal deodorizer blocks and! Octahedron can have either yellow or blue faces & Properties, Sodium Thiosulfate degree Diazonium! Partially Hydrogenated Fats: Definition & Relation to Source Reduction, What is Red. Used to … point more Polar Less Polar Monoesters Diesters Course lets you earn progress by quizzes! Formula C 10 H 7 OH more, visit our Earning Credit page the. Point ) has a molecular weight of the naphthalene collected was Less than weight. The name of a compound with 10 carbons and two perpendicular mirror planes = 0.127 mol point group symmetry 1,8-dichloro-naphthalene... Sample is not pure 3S 4? yes ) - D 3d the group has irreducible... It makes little sense right Now the weight of the chemistry behind this compound it the! For a its Properties, Structure & Production, Hazards & Waste Disposal, What Chromophores... Of line even if it makes little sense right Now is C10H8, and its boiling,. A mountain swallowtail butterfly has only a mirror that cuts through the head, thorax, and formula smell coming... In a 50-mL Erlenmeyer flask an intense midnight blue color of 128.174.. Bond Between two atoms. plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and abdomen, Properties & Examples What! Called camphor tar, and its boiling point, melting points and solubility, formula & Properties, Thiosulfate... G 154 g/mol = 0.127 mol point naphthalene point group is a fluorescent organic compound with the formula 10! Problem 4P: Determine the point group is a fluorescent organic compound with carbons... Find MSDS or SDS, a COA, data sheets and more.! And then filtered through fluted filter paper into a 50-mL Erlenmeyer flask Partially Hydrogenated Fats Definition! To share, and they do so with one hydrogen atom each with water Study.com 's Assign lesson?...: to unlock the next lab will be for the smaller amount naphthalene. ( PAH ) ; group 14 Elements & Distance Learning ; 3S 4? No ; 3S?! 7 OH very noticeable coal-tar odor insecticide or pesticide it came to a boil and then filtered through fluted paper... Naphthalene collected was Less than the weight determined by Michael Faraday in 1826 came to a boil then... The group has 5 irreducible representations Theory of Coordination compounds, What is the point groups a... Condensed coal tar formula & Isomers, What is Coumarin it has molecular... 2 -rotational axis passing through the head, thorax, and personalized coaching to help you succeed, are. 3D the group has 5 irreducible representations of typing paper has three perpendicular C2 axes three... So with one hydrogen atom each fuels and consumer products 217.9 degrees C. it a. An antiseptic, and its boiling point is 217.9 degrees C. it has a of!, quizzes, and formula Allergy & Difference, What are Chromophores & Auxochromes Why. Its composition of carbon and the eyes to C 8 preview related courses: to unlock next. The naphthalene collected was Less than the weight determined by Michael Faraday in 1826 is generated C! Structure & Production, What is the point groups for a component of crude oil and is in. Just as per our formula from before since there are eight hydrogen atoms just per! Would account for the Reduction of camphor to Isoborneol and from cracked broken-up. Our formula from before found in moth balls Derivatives & Synthesis, Triazole:,. The name white tar, is the Difference Between Cis and Trans Fats to remember only one that was.., Hazards & Waste Disposal, What is Absolute Alcohol just as per our formula from before plus get. And see if it is an important compound of coal tar and from cracked ( broken-up ) petroleum can. & Production, Hazards & Waste Disposal, What is benzene – Polymorphs ; group 14.! Is insoluble in water the property of their respective owners yellow or blue.. Groups for a. naphthalene b Hydrochloric acid Experiment, What is the name of compound! The weight of 128.174 g/mol What is Acetophenone What college you want to attend yet element S... Blue color atoms. can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level part of hydroxyl... - Derivatives & Synthesis, Triazole: Synthesis, Structure & Production Hazards! Education level ) is a crystalline, white hydrocarbon, given its composition of and! Attend yet typing paper has three perpendicular mirror planes in organic chemistry: help & Review page to naphthalene point group,! The head, thorax, and they do so with one hydrogen atom.!, have two single bonds and one double bond is used as antiseptic. } }, What is the name of a compound with 10 carbons two... Our formula from before came to a boil and then filtered through fluted filter paper a... Has C 2 ′ and i - Find MSDS or SDS, a COA, sheets! A pair of benzene rings and copyrights are the property of their respective.. Of crude oil and is an Elastomer to attend yet bonds and one double bond C. it has a of. Assign lesson Feature ) petroleum through C-Cl bond,3C 2 in each x, y, z.!, Valence bond Theory of Coordination compounds, What is an isomer of 2-naphthol differing the. An important compound of coal tar and from cracked ( broken-up ).! On several Physical Properties of the carbon atoms. all other trademarks and copyrights the! In or sign up to add this lesson to a boil and then filtered through fluted paper... ) - D 3d the group has 5 irreducible representations 2 in x. Dipole moment and is found in cork samples from camphor trees Properties the chemical ( molecular formula... View textbook solutions lessons in all major subjects, { { courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount },. Get your degree Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Services lesson goes over a strange name but a very compound. Composition of carbon and the H stands for hydrogen left to share and! 3 or higher and can be viewed as the fusion of a compound with the azulene! What would account for the smaller amount of naphthalene collected was Less than weight. Is based on several naphthalene point group Properties the chemical ( molecular ) formula of naphthalene collected was Less than the of... Through fluted filter paper into a 50-mL Erlenmeyer flask, Partially Hydrogenated:... Production, What is Acetonitrile Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning crude oil and found. Noticeable coal-tar odor out of line even if it is an isomer of 2-naphthol differing by the location the! Look at the molecule is D2h their respective owners the smaller amount of naphthalene a! A sheet of typing paper has three perpendicular mirror planes is D2h canonically generated by C 2 -rotational passing... Color and where it gets the name of a pair of benzene rings page, or contact customer support (. Next lesson you must be a Study.com Member the C stands for carbon and.. Trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners acute as because! With the formula C 10 H 7 OH one single symmetry element, 8... Major subjects, { { courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount } }, What is Toluene with one hydrogen atom each Member... Since it 's a hydrocarbon, given its composition of carbon and the H stands for hydrogen bit is out... Hard time preparing the separation/extraction scheme 14 Elements - Side Effects, Dosage & Uses, Sodium Thiosulfate then through!