That is used as a conjunction. The tense of the reporting verb is never changed. 3. Just analyze the following example sentence for possible changes that may occur while you move from direct to indirect … When …, Infinitives! In direct speech, you are quoting the words of another person. In Indirect Speech we do not use the inverted commas. Direct and Indirect Speech: Verb Tense Changes with Rules & Examples. This page is most helpful for knowing English correctly. She said (that) she could swim when she was four. 3. When the reporting verb is in a present or future tense, we do not change the tense of the verb inside the quotation marks. Good job , thank you for your help , l wonder if it’s possible to have all of it as pdf book ? Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . not intothen, tomorrow intothe next day, today intothat day, yesterday into. We have tried to explain with charts, tables, infographics and video lessons to provide … Change In Time: If there is time mentioned in the sentence of Direct speech, the time will be changed in Indirect Speech. But in indirect […] A reporting clause is used at the end (said Jane, shouted Paul, replied Mum). The first of there method is called Direct speech or Direct Narration. When you are joining together tow words, phrases …. Orders and prohibitions to indirect speech, He said, “go to bed!” → He ordered the child, Who was that beautifl woman? If the reporting verb is in the past tense, then the direct sentence is changed in its past tense. 3 Direct She said; “The exam is difficult. Direct Speech. A full stop goes after the reporting clause. 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, 100 Examples of reported speech in english; 1 Direct She says, “I am ill.” Indirect She says that she is ill. 2 Direct I will study”, Mary said. OR He suggested that we should go to the cinema. Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. Pin. 4. In this section, we are going to be looking a little more closely at these types of speech and how they are used within the English language. The basic rules for converting Direct Speech (question sentences) into Indirect Speech are as follows: Examples are at the end. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules PDF Download: Hello my dear friends, This post is all about direct and indirect speech rules chart, This PDF of 50 examples of direct and indirect speech pdf will help you to boost your score in SSC Exams. 1. Indirect speech: The boy told the girl that he had told her that they were not going on a holiday. Notes. Punctuation marks (comma, inverted comma, question marks ) are removed. Direct Indirect Speech Rules and Examples | Indirect to Direct Speech Sentences - English Grammar. The 6 Easiest, Scientifically-derived Direct to Indirect Speech Rules – Class 10 and Higher Classes Let’s follow a scientific approach and derive our own rules for direct and indirect speech. To relate an order or prohibition to indirect speech, verbs such as tell, order or forbid are used… Be careful, remember to replace Don’t by NOT when it is the main verb of the sentence! Direct speech: María dijo, “Me gustaría vivir en Nueva York.” (Maria said, “I would like to live in New York.” Indirect/ Reported speech: María dijo que le gustaría vivir en Nueva York. The tenses generally move backwards in this way: Present Simple Tense into Past Simple Tense, Present Continuous Tense into Past Continuous Tense, Present Perfect Tense into Past Perfect Tense, Past Simple Tense into Past Perfect Tense, Past Continuous Tense into Past Perfect Continuous Tense, Past Perfect Tense (The tense remains unchanged), Future Simple Tense (e.g. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. How to change Direct to Indirect Speech? Where do you live? This will help you to better be able to determine which is which and use them more freely in your own speech. These may include statements, questions, orders, advice…. Indirect Speech for Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech There are two ways of reporting the words spoken by a person. Some basic rules for converting direct speech into indirect speech: Rule 1: “No inverted commas.” The reported speech does not come into inverted commas or quotation in an indirect speech. The changes of Direct and Indirect speech depend on some factors like modals, reporting verb, place, time, tense, pronoun etc. Direct Speech Indirect Speech Direct Speech Indirect Speech Alex said, "It is good time now to see him" Alex said that it was good time then to see him. The 6 Easiest, Scientifically-derived Direct to Indirect Speech Rules – Class 10 and Higher Classes Let’s follow a scientific approach and derive our own rules for direct and indirect speech. Tense Changes in Reported Speech Learn Types of adjectives …, Will vs Going to! will have) into “would have“, Future Perfect Tense (e.g. Indirect speech is also called reported speech because reported speech refers to the second part of indirect speech in which something has been told by a person. “Let’s go to the cinema.” → He suggested going to the cinema. “Have you ever been to Paris?” → He asked me if I had ever been to Paris. This speech is placed with inverted commas. DOWNLOAD ALL THE GRAMMAR LESSONS IN ONE CLICK! The shift to indirect speech leads to changes in the tense, depending on whether the verb is in the present tense or in the past tense. The second is called Indirect Speech or Indirect Narration. Rule 1 – Direct To Indirect Speech Conversion – Reporting Verb. RULES FOR THE CHANCE OF PERSONAL PRONOUNS AND POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES Rule: If the direct speech has a pronoun, its person is changed, when necessary, to refer in the indirect to the same individual as it does in the direct. Change of time and place expressions in past tense (list 3) The rules should be pretty clear. Your email address will not be published. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is indirect speech. If the introductory verb is in the present tense, the tense (or modal) does not change. The tense of direct speech remains unchanged when the reporting verb is in the present or future tense. With SAY, the interlocutor is not necessarily quoted; if he is, he is introduced by the preposition to (say something to somebody): However, tell is used in some expressions without mentioning a contact person: Note: the wording ‘He said to me…‘ is possible but seems clumsy. Learn the difference between Will and …, Uncountable Nouns! R.V. There are certain rules changing the time. Example: Direct: He said, “I have completed my assignments yesterday.” Indirect: He said that he had completed his assignments the previous day. Direct Speech (Discours direct) He said that she must/had to apply for the job. Let’s start with a full learning guide of Types of Narrations such as Direct and Indirect Speech , definition, rules, examples and excercises for class 6,7,8,9,10 and 11. a) Direct: Radha said, “I … It will be noticed that in Direct Speech, we use inverted commas to mark off the exact words of the speaker. A punctuation mark in English is used to separate …, When do you put a comma before because? Direct and Indirect speech with rules and examples. - You can directly jump to English Grammar Test Questions on Direct and Indirect Speech What is Direct & Indirect Speech? Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. Reporting clause before the direct speech. Examples: Direct Speech: She said, “I … Would love your thoughts, please comment. Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. Example on Process of Conversion from Direct to Indirect Speech. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. The conjunction “that” will not be used in Indirect Speech (in question sentence). Modal verbs are changed in indirect speech like, Can into Could, May into Might, Must into had to. The two most frequent are tell and say, but there are many other possible ones like: Be careful to distinguish SAY from TELL. In the English language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech. The conjunction “that” is used in Indirect speech of all positive sentences. It is the clause that is outside of the inverted commas. However, This reported speech rules table is very important to Crack SSC CGL, CHSL (10+2) and CPO Sub Inspector (SI) Exams. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules In the English language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech. Direct and Indirect Speech! It is therefore not the words being spoken. Stative Verbs (State Verbs)! There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. Rules for Changing Direct Speech into Indirect Speech: In the Indirect speech, no inverted commas are used. Indirect Speech for Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech I will come with you. Rules Rule No. Tenses, pronouns and possessive adjectives, and words denoting nearness of time or place are changed according to the rules already stated. In the lesson, we are going to see the definition, rules, structure, and some examples of the reported speech. If the direct sentence contains the universal truth, then it remains unchanged in the Indirect Speech. Be careful, if the statements reported are still true now you must not change the tense! We can reproduce the words exactly spoken or we can express in our own words the substance of what he said. It is not mandatory to use it, so it is indicated in brackets in this lesson. Direct to indirect speech example: Direct: She said, ‘I … Learn infinitive definition and when …, What is a dependent clause? From direct to indirect speech. Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. What is a stative verb? Download Android app to learn a simple way of learning English tense. In indirect speech, you are referencing what another person has said without quoting them directly. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. Modal verbs are changed in indirect speech like, Can into Could, May into Might, Must into had to. IMPORTANT RULES ASSOCIATED WITH DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH FOR SSC, BANK, RAILWAY EXAMS (with examples) : Direct Narration – It’s a kind of speech which is reported by some other person exactly in the words spoken by the speaker. The reporting clause of direct speech is the short clause that indicates who is talking. If the verb inside the inverted commas/quotation marks is in the present tense, change it into the corresponding past tense. “Do you like chocolate?” → She asked me ifI liked c… Functions & …, Dependent Clause: Definition and Examples of Dependent …, Backslash: Why Does Windows Use Backslashes for …, Will vs Going to: Differences Between Will …, Uncountable Noun: Definition and List of 450 …, Gender Pronouns and Gender-Neutral Pronouns in English, Coordinating Conjunction | Definition, Examples of Coordinators …. It is best to use ‘He told me…‘. must be studied. Indirect I will study”, said Mary. It is a simple guide equally helpful for kids as well as youngsters. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); In English, to report someone’s words or their own words, you can use direct or indirect speech. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . The Conjunction that is used in place of the inverted commas. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. In English, to report someone’s words or their own words, you […] Required fields are marked *. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. → She asked me whatI was doing. e.g. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is indirect speech. “You must read this book.” → He advised / urged me to read that book. say/says/will say/shall say/said is changed into tell/tells/will tell/shall tell/told or replied/informed or answered if it is followed by an object. Direct speech and indirect speech, also known as reported speech, both express something that has been said. You can check the complete information of changes in Direct and Indirect speech. For affirmative sentences, use to + infinitive, For negative sentences use not to + infinitive. i.e. What is an infinitive? Verbs of Reported speech (if the reporting verb is in past tense) (list 2) Direct speech → Indirect speech Am / is / are → was / were Was / were → had been Has / have → had Had → had had Shall / will → would Can → could May → might Must, should → must, should Verb1 → verb2 Verb2 → had + verb3. It will be further noticed that in changing the above Direct Speech into Indirect speech, certain changes have been made. Past Perfect. To relate someone’s words to both direct and indirect speech, you need an introductory verb. (= He still hates driving now). Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. The correct punctuation. Direct and Indirect Speech Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. If the introductory verb is in the past, the verb tense changes: The modals could, should, would, might, needn’t, ought to, used to don’t change when used with indirect speech. Indirect Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our own words. When moving from direct to indirect style, it is often necessary to change personal pronouns, demonstrative and possessive pronouns according to who says what: Note: That is often implied in indirect speech. Those who change are will → would, can → could, may → might: Expressions of time, place and demonstratives change if the context of indirect speech is different from that of direct speech. Tina said to me, “Are you busy now?” [direct speech] The conjunctions that, if, whether, are generally used after the reporting verb. Omit all inverted commas or quotation marks. 2. Who was that beautifl woman? Edit Change in Modal Verbs Here are some Indirect speech rules for modal verbs. End the sentence with a full stop. In French, there are two different ways to express the words of another person: direct speech (or direct style) and indirect speech (indirect style). The conjunction “that” is omitted. The general rules of direct speech are: Each new character's speech starts on a new line. will be) into “would be“, Future Perfect Tense (e.g. (There are only three basic tenses in the English language: the past, the present, and the future.) He said this morning (that) he hates driving. The line of speech ends with a comma, exclamation mark or question mark. Direct & Indirect speech has specific rules of study like a reported speech for assertive, imperative, optative and exclamatory sentences. The two verbs may have the same meaning, but their use is different. The comma …, Different Types of Adjectives in English!!! Direct speech: She says, ‘I will come.’ Indirect speech: She says that she will come. If there is an interrogative word like where/who/when/why… in direct speech, we keep it in indirect speech: If it is a closed-ended question or you have to answer yes/no, you use if or whether: When the question contains a modal, it is preterite in the reported question: Expressions of advice such as must, should and ought are usually reported using the verbs advise or urge: The expression let’s is usually reported using the verb suggest, with gerund or with should: Your email address will not be published. $27 $19 _ Feel free to leave a comment if you find any errors or if you have any suggestions to make to improve this lesson. → Tina promised she. If it is a closed-ended question or you have to answer yes/no, you use if or whether: 1. English worksheets & lessons for beginners. 5. (perfect/pluperfect à pluperfect) Direct speech: Mi padre me dijo, “a las 5 ya había llegado. ( perfect/pluperfect à pluperfect ) from direct to Indirect speech direct and Indirect speech has rules! 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