Shall we not much rather be in subjection to the Father of spirits, and live? It is because of this that discipline and chastisement are needed by us, and the great design of these is to bring us into subjection unto the Father of spirits. How much more ought we to be in subjection unto our heavenly Father: there is nothing tyrannical about Him: His commandments are not grievous: He has only our good at heart. They are tempted to take things easier, spiritually as well as temporally, so that it has to be said of some "ye did run well." See 1 Corinthians 4:14. be in subjection. Isaiah 42:5. p. 269] in the rhythm of the sentence. The Bible considers people weak because they must die. ‘Furthermore, we had the fathers of our flesh to chasten us, and we gave them reverence. Hebrews 11:35-40 Obtaining a Good Testimony Through Faith. The "much rather" points a contrast suggested by the analogy: that contrast is at least fourfold. . Stifle, then, the rebellious murmur, What have I done to deserve such treatment by God? As verse 9 tells us, if we submit to the Father of our spirits, we will live. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Hebrews 12:9: Habakkuk 2:2 Bishop Westcott (The Epistle to the Hebrews [Eerdmans], p. 402) puts it, “True life comes from complete self-surrender.” The author of Hebrews gives us three reasons why we should submit to God’s loving discipline: 1. "Shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits?" The first, man shares in common with all vegetable nature, being the vis formativa, the formative energy, the organizing principle, the plastic power which forms the body according to its type; which is simply the divine agency, as cause of causes, acting under form of finite causations and successions. But some older Christians seem far less conscious of their danger, and so God often suffers them to have a fall, that He may stain the pride of their self-glory, and that others may see it is nothing in the flesh—standing, rank, age, or attainments—which insures our safety; but that He upholds the humble and casts down the proud. 15). ‘Flesh’ means the human body. Satan is the enemy of man's soul, who prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour. And there went out fire from the Lord, and devoured them, and they died before the Lord. It has been truly said that "God had one Son without sin, but none without suffering." Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. It is not losing all, but coming short we are to fear. And let us run with perseverance the race marked out for us. Barnes's Hebrews 12:9 Bible Commentary Furthermore - As an additional consideration to induce us to receive chastisement with submission. Not without some apparent reason have some of the earliest and greatest Christian doctors distinguished between the vegetable, the animal, and the spiritual elements in our natures. "Furthermore, we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us and we gave them reverence." Hebrews 12:9 New International Version (NIV) 9 Moreover, we have all had human fathers who disciplined us and we respected them for it. As Heb 12:9 tells us, if we submit to the Father of our spirits, we will live. God is compared often to fire (Deuteronomy 4:24; Hebrews 12:9) and is described in terms that relate to fire’s heat, brightness, … By nature we are not in subjection. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. Those who regard it as local interpret differently: ‘Through Christ’s body’ (the true temple) is the common Patristic interpretation. Who shall then say, Wherefore hast thou done so? The discipline that the Lord sends to His people will not last forever. That blood was not shed for himself - for he had no sin - and consequently there was a material difference between his offering and that of the Jewish high priest. Indeed this is the only reference to God’s Fatherhood, outside of quotations, in the whole letter, although chapter 1 infers that He is Father to ‘the Son’. The God Who has called His elect will surely do what is right for them as regards their spirits. Study Hebrews 12 using Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise) to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. As "Father of spirits," He is both the Originator and the Providential, Gracious Sustainer of animal and spiritual life. -Hebrews 12:1 . David knew that Shimei could not curse him without God's permission. O how profoundly thankful we should be that the Lord God stands revealed to us as the "Father"—our Father, because the Father of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, and He rendered perfect obedience unto Him. Jesus Himself was persecuted (Hebrews 2:10; 12:3), despite being sinless (Hebrews 4:15). If His hand be not seen in the trial, the heart will do nothing but fret and fume. Martin G. Collins 15:24,27,30,31; Ps. * 1Now [even] the first covenant had regulations for worship and an earthly sanctuary. But in connection with the immaterial part of our beings, God is the immediate and alone Creator of them. [There is probably a reference here to Deuteronomy 21:18, in which the rebellious son was commanded to be put to death.]. Publius. Divine Discipline . Ecclesiastes 1:12, Ecclesiastes 1:7. The time may come when it is no longer necessary or right for us to obey our parents. They are tempted to live in the past, rather than in the future. The Fifth Commandment. As parents have a charge from God to minister correction to their children when it is due—and not spoil them unto their ruin—so children have a command from God to receive parental reproof in a proper spirit, and not to be discontented, stubborn, or rebellious. The aged meet with as many temptations as do young Christians. entrepomai. We can first compare how the phrase "God of the spirits, even of (or ‘and of’) all flesh" [theos tôn pneumatôn kai pasês sarkos] occurs in LXX in Numbers 16:22; Numbers 27:16. David did not fall into his great sin till he had reached the prime of life. Here in Hebrews the thought is of loving relationship. What does Hebrews 12:10 mean? Hebrews 12:5, 6. They honoured their fathers because they recognised the love that lay behind the chastening, and they submitted to them. I think it's pretty clear. Howbeit Thou art just in all that is brought upon us: for Thou hast done right, but we have done wickedly", "It is good for me that I have been afflicted; that I might learn Thy statutes", "Shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits and live?". Hate in Luke 14:26 means "love less by comparison." Hebrews 12:1-8 The Discipline of God. The opening "Furthermore" is really humbling and searching. Yes, there Isaiah, much need for all of us to heed the opening "furthermore" of our text. Hebrews 12:1-12 New King James Version (NKJV) The Race of Faith. Our attitude toward God, and the response which we make unto His disciplinary dealings with us, means that we shall either honor or dishonor Him, and suffer loss or reap gain therefrom. It behooves each servant of God to study the methods of the apostles, and seek wisdom and grace to emulate their practice; only thus will they preserve the balance of Truth, and be delivered from "handling the Word deceitfully" ( 2 Corinthians 4:2). The fathers did what they could in an uncertain world, often with sons who were sometimes unruly, but the ‘Father of spirits’ is Lord over all and is the Father of their spirits so that they are to be in true subjection to Him as sons, and know that they have a right to His protection and that what He does of His own good pleasure must be for their good, for all is under His will. Hebrews was written to a group of people who were fading away in their walk toward salvation. Alas, the majority of professing Christians are so little in subjection to God, they have just enough religion to make them miserable. Hebrews 12:9 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live? Shall we not far rather be in subjection unto the Father of Spirits, and live? He did not enter by means of the blood of goats and calves; but he entered the Most Holy Place once for all by his own blood, thus obtaining eternal redemption. This is a series of studies that explore the meaning of the Epistle to the Hebrews. As a result we honor and respect our parents, which is a shadow of our subjection to the Father. How much more should we accept with humility the correction from the Father of spirits (our spiritual Father) and live a life of uprightness. "Man is born like a wild ass's colt" ( Job 11:12). Subjection "unto the Father of spirits," then, is the practical owning of His Lordship. "Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God" ( 1 John 3:1), then let us earnestly endeavor to express our gratitude by dutifully walking before Him as obedient children, and no matter how mysterious may be His dealings with us, say with the Savior, "The cup which My Father hath given Me, shall I not drink it?" Greek. Fourth, the one was designed for our temporal good; the other has in view our spiritual and eternal welfare. The same is true of different forms of sinning. hupotasso. Above them, and embracing and absorbing them into itself, is the spirit, whereby man is cognizant of the Infinite, and knows God, and is conscious of himself, and learns his own, immortality. The worst sin of Moses was committed not at the beginning but at the end of the wilderness journey. Hebrews 11:13-19 The Promises of Faith. Hebrews 12:9 Furthermore, on the one hand, we had parents [fathers] with reference to our flesh [human], strict disciplinarians, and we were respectful; on the other hand, should we not to a much greater degree be under the authority of our Father with reference to our spirits, and keep on living [a spiritual life with positive momentum]? Hebrews 12:10, ESV: "For they disciplined us for a short time as it seemed best to them, but he disciplines us for our good, that we may share his holiness." Others see the reference as signifying His Lordship over all spirits, including the heavenly realm. Now he reminds us that we had natural parents who corrected us, and we gave them reverence. When we utter that petition in the prayer which the Savior has given us, "Thy will be done," something more is meant than a pious acquiescence unto the pleasure of the Almighty: it also signifies, may Thy will be performed by me. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The author identified neither himself nor the people to whom he was writing. Revelation 19:7. May He not do as He wills with His own?" Previously Paul referred to God as “the Father of spirits” (12:9), and it was noted that God is “the God of the spirits of all flesh” (Numb. If we are more liable to certain sins in our youth, we are in greater danger of others in advanced years. How much more should we … Dear friend, instead of saying, "The days of my usefulness are over," rather reason, The night cometh when no man can work; therefore I must make the most of my opportunities while it is yet called day. They were going through some pretty difficult trials, but they were not facing up to them. —Here appears a clear distinction between the origin of our, , or bodies, in the course of nature from our parents, and the origin of our spirits, above nature, from God. Thus God's chastenings increase in severity and frequency! . ‘Flesh’ means the human body. Why, my reader, if God dealt with us only according to the strict rule of His justice, we had been in Hell long ago: "If Thou, Lord, shouldest mark ("impute") iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand?" December 2. Start well. The meaning of God as our Father Hebrews 12:9-10. Hebrews 12 / Hebrews 12:9 9 Moreover, we have all had human fathers who disciplined us and we respected them for it. New International Version (NIV) In subjection’ and live—Live, namely, that spiritual life which depends upon our obedient subjection unto the Father of spirits. As Isaiah 53:6 tells us, "we have turned every one to his own way," and that is one of opposition to the revealed will of God. Hebrews 12:9 New International Version (NIV). The argument in this verse is derived from the difference in the spirit and design with which we are corrected by God and by an earthly parent. And let us run with perseverance the race marked out for us, 2 fixing our eyes on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of faith. Hebrews 12:9 Translation & Meaning. Inthe case of. “Our spiritual Father uses more love and gentleness than our human fathers, and he will not give us more than we can bear (1 Corinthians 10:13).”. Is it not enough to be told that the Scriptures teach us to expect chastisements, and exhort us not to despise them? We are required to be submissive unto God's Word, so that our thoughts are formed and our ways regulated by it. Pink's Commentary on John and Hebrews, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews. Recall the histories of young Joseph, the Hebrew maid in Naaman's household, David as a stripling engaging Goliath, Daniel's early days, and his three youthful companions in the furnace; and it will be found that all of them quitted themselves nobly. As this comes from God alone, so human parents are only the, . No similar title is found anywhere else in the New Testament. Hebrews 12:9 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection to the Father of spirits, and live? To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Shall we not much rather be in subjection -, Furthermore, we have had fathers of our flesh. Second, he had comforted them with the assurance that the rod is wielded not by wrath, but in tender solicitude, verse 6. Hebrews 12:9-11 Context 12:9 Besides, we have experienced discipline from 1 our earthly fathers 2 and we respected them; shall we not submit ourselves all the more to the Father of spirits and receive life? The last two seem to be used synonymously here. Next comes the animal soul, a sensibility of the five senses to external objects, with powers of association, and impulses to action in accordance with the forces of impressions. Commentary on Hebrews 12:1-11 (Read Hebrews 12:1-11) The persevering obedience of faith in Christ, was the race set before the Hebrews, wherein they must either win the crown of glory, or have everlasting misery for their portion; and it is set before us. Father of spirits - contrasted with fathers of our flesh. This comforting word is given in order that we should frequently and confidently pray for this very thing. John 4:24 "God is spirit". Hebrews 12:14-29. Yet, because this is affirmed, we must not think there is no longer need to earnestly seek His help. Because it is recorded, when feeling our "infirmities" press most heavily upon us, let us cry, "O Holy Spirit of God, do as Thou hast said, and help us.". Two reasons for such subjection are suggested in our text. Then Moses said unto Aaron, This is it that the Lord spake, saying, I will be sanctified in them that come nigh Me, and before all the people I will be glorified. Job 33:4. Every physician will tell us there are some diseases which become more troublesome in middle life, and others which are incident to old age. . The writer here describes God as "the Father of spirits" (patêr tôn pneumatôn). If, then, it was right and meet for us to submit to their corrections, how much more ought we to be in subjection unto our heavenly Father when He reproves us. And physiology seems to show that the human embryo passes through these three stages. 5. 51:17). Locate the passage. Paul is saying that the sons of God should expect correction and rebuke. Hebrews 12:10 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 12:10, NIV: "They disciplined us for a little while as they thought best; but God disciplines us for our good, in order that we may share in his holiness." The particular title of God found in our text calls for a brief comment. Hebrews 12:9-11 10 For they indeed for a few days chastened us as seemed best to them, but He for our profit, that we may be partakers of His holiness. which, &c. = as correctors. I.S.V. and say with the Psalmist, "He hath not dealt with us after our sins, nor rewarded us according to our iniquities" ( Psalm 103:10). CHAPTER 9 The Worship of the First Covenant. Scriptures: Hebrews 12:1-3. By a new crop of feathers, by the rejuvenation of its wings. And live - Meaning that his fatherly chastisements are adapted to secure our spiritual life. The writer has been impressed by the fact, both in his study of the Word and his observation of fellow-Christians, that, as a general rule, God uses the rod very little and very lightly upon the babes and younger members of His family, but that He employs it more frequently and severely on mature Christians. 12 Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles. 9. Hebrews 11:1-6 The Definition of Faith. ", "I know, O Lord, that Thy judgments are right, and that Thou in faithfulness hast afflicted me", "Now therefore, our God, the great, the mighty and the terrible God, who keepest covenant and mercy, let not all the trouble seem little before Thee, that hath come upon us, on our kings, on our princes, and our priests, and on our prophets, and on our fathers, and on all Thy people, since the time of the kings of Assyria unto this day. Our subject is Divine discipline. Furthermore - As an additional consideration to induce us to receive chastisement with submission. 3 12:10 For they disciplined us for a little while as seemed good to them, but he does so for our benefit, that we may share his holiness. As, however, in creating souls, he does use the instrumentality of men, and as he renews them in a wonderful manner by the power of the Spirit, he is peculiarly called, by way of eminence, the Father of spirits. And these views, perhaps, furnish a settlement of the dispute between the Traducianists, who believed that the entire human soul is born of the human parent, and the Creationists, who held that all souls are created. First, the former chastening proceeded from those who were our fathers according to the flesh; the other is given by Him who is our heavenly Father. Here not "angels" as some interpret, but the new-created spirits of His "sons". Library. ‘Father of spirits’ is in contrast with ‘fathers of our flesh’. For it is not without reason that Job mentions the creation of men as one of the chief miracles of God: hence on this account also he is justly entitled to the name of Father. We believe that the Lord will yet say of her, as of another woman, "She hath done what she could." True submission unto the "Father of spirits" is something more than a passive thing. Hebrews 12:9-11 Context 12:9 Besides, we have experienced discipline from 1 our earthly fathers 2 and we respected them; shall we not submit ourselves all the more to the Father of spirits and receive life? In God everything is without any intermingling of passion or any improper feeling. It is but right and meet that children should honor their parents by being in complete subjection to them: not to do so is to ignore their relationship, despise their authority, and slight their love. Aaron's two sons, most probably intoxicated at the time, were suddenly cut off by Divine judgment. What does Hebrews 13:7 mean? times, yet even then a renewed heart acknowledged God's righteousness in it: "Now therefore, our God, the great, the mighty and the terrible God, who keepest covenant and mercy, let not all the trouble seem little before Thee, that hath come upon us, on our kings, on our princes, and our priests, and on our prophets, and on our fathers, and on all Thy people, since the time of the kings of Assyria unto this day. The thought of the former verses has been, “He chastens as a lather.” From likeness we here pass to contrast. To be in subjection unto the Father presupposes a surrendering and resigning of ourselves to Him. And even if, as some think, the term is to be seen as including all spirits, indicating ‘over everything spiritual’, the emphasis is still on the spirits of men (as again in Hebrews 12:23), for that is the point of the contrast. Hebrews 11:17-29 The Champions of Faith. It denotes an acquiescence in God's sovereign right to do with us as He pleases. Above them, and embracing and absorbing them into itself, is the spirit, whereby man is cognizant of the Infinite, and knows God, and is conscious of himself, and learns his own immortality. Spirits ” in Hebrews '' is really humbling and searching sense of His injustice ; but let children... The one with whom we have all had human fathers who chastened us and! The spirits to/for all flesh ’ ‘ having fathers who disciplined us and we them. With us in man are born our fathers are on this earth rebellious... Despite being sinless ( Hebrews 5:8 ) men of His care and a sense of His `` sons..: the CONTEXT: the author identified neither himself nor the people to whom he receiveth.,... Brief definitions fresh phase of the argument is introduced of walking with God, they have just enough to... Is between our natural parents and “the Father of spirits - contrasted with fathers of our.. 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