You can plant them closer and then thin the plants as they grow in, or, plant Swamp Milkweed and its cultivars between 30” and 36” apart. Many people (including entomologists) have mistakenly given dogbane to their caterpillars only to watch them starve to death. [1] Some of these species are exotics (not native to Montana) [2] and some species have been designated as Species of Concern . Swamp Milkweed Asclepias incarnata Found in all kinds of wet and swampy ground. Box 444 Confusing plant look-alikes: Milkweed and Dogbane - YouTube Dogbane is a plant that greatly resembles milkweed. In the early spring newly growing plants of dogbane look almost identical to milkweed. They have no clue what happened.… I make a point not to eat much milkweed, since it’s a native plant that attracts pollinators and Monarchs. While awareness is rising around the… Your plant has green stems, so I suspect it is milkweed, not dogbane. Dogbane is another plant that people often mistake for milkweed, but its leaves bear a closer resemblance to common milkweed. She is believed to have mated 60 times. Flowers July to August. P.O. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Dogbane and milkweed are placed within the same family of plants (the dogbane family — Apocynaceae), and both plants share similar features. Stems smooth, tall, flexible, branching.  Rather, take seeds out in a clump, and they’ll be all lined up and ready to be defluffed in groups. This free-flowering native milkweed usually only grows 12-24 inches tall, continually sending up stalks topped with white blooms that often have a pink blush. Swamp milkweed is a perennial herb.  I think if I was doing this on my own and didn’t need to plant a bajillion seeds over acres of land, I would do things more simply. Dogbane has more of a reddish stem when mature and develops many branches.  The plant is commonly called Indian Hemp. Photo Guide : Apocynum cannabinum (Indian Hemp Dogbane) This plant is frequently mistaken for milkweed because of its milky sap and general similarity to Asclepias syriaca, especially in early spring.Although Monarch larvae will take a few nibbles of Apocynum leaves, they are unable to continue feeding on the plant and invariably die. Butterfly milkweed have oblong, narrow leaves and fuzzy stems.  Swamp milkweed is one of my favorite plants, though I haven’t seen much of it this year. (You can unsubscribe anytime), Akron Website Designers | Ohio Web Technologies, Natural Areas in Tinker’s Creek watershed, Maintaining Stormwater Control Measures Guidance for Private Owners & Operators, Business, Individual, and Family Membership, Dogbane Swamp Common Milkweed Differences.  Both plants are weedy, but milkweed seems more familiar to me–although dogbane isn’t uncommon. Not Milkweed Flowers.  By this point, the milkweed will be like a wad of mush. Solid, dogbane. Box 444 Twinsburg, OH 44087. A milkweed bark rots quickly. The Pink Swamp Milkweed, being a milkweed, is important support for the Monarch butterflies But it is also a stunning perennial wildlfower and therefore deserving of a place in the perennial border.  The people working here, the contractors, planted many grasses as well as the usual forbes. I have been able to positively identify dogbane, growing near Lake Monona, in Yahara Park, located here in Madison, Wisconsin.  After positively identifying this plant, it’s generally it’s good to start off by eating just small amounts of the cooked plant. Tinker’s Creek Watershed Partners Small Milkweed Bug nymphs feed on dogbane seeds in addition to milkweeds, as well as the seeds of some other plants. In this video, I help you discern between common milkweed and dogbane. The stems of dogbane tend to be smooth, whereas milkweed generally has a hairy texture to the stem.  I’ve read that swamp milkweed can be used much in the same way as common milkweed, but I’ve never used it, and don’t recommend it–I could be wrong, but it seems to be getting more and more scarce.  Once the plant gets larger than seen in the photo below, its flowers and seedpods can be utilized. Host Plants, Milkweeds, Nectar Plants. Email * Constant Contact Use.  I’ve noticed there tend to be a lot of “late bloomers” in the milkweed family, like those below. Unfortunately, milkweed often has a bad reputation. Dogbane (Apocynum cannabinum) is a North American native plant found throughout the continental United States and southern Canada.It is commonly found in wooded areas along the banks of lakes and streams. Milkweed seeds are expensive. It grows easily in a home garden with average to moist soil—it is nearly exploding in my own back yard in heavy clay soil. Flowers mostly terminal (positioned at the tops of the stems), in many loose umbels (each rounded cluster arises from the same point); pink or rarely white, with a delicate fragrance. It is easy to distinguish from common milkweed and Sullivant's milkweed, but it does resemble butterfly weed quite a bit.  Just before passing Lake Shore Drive on my bike, I noticed a patch of restored land I’ve never worked on with the Park District. Dogbane is toxic, however, while common milkweed is edible.  I’ve seen flower buds  just opening well into summer, but for the most part, the upright-positioned seed pods start to form early to mid-summer.  In general, boiling eliminates bitter alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, and its sappy latex.  It has bright pink leaves and looks similar, if not larger than the butterfly milkweed pictured below.  Like many medicinal plants, it is said to have specific action on the lungs–but reports are vague, and I could find little evidence of how exactly people use it for lung afflictions. Milkweed's big balls of dusky pink blossoms and compared to the tiny white to pink flowers of dogbane, the Dogbane is not a showy plant. Clasping-leaf dogbane, Apocynum cannabinum There are at least 28 members of the dogbane, gentian and milkweed order, Gentianales , found in Montana .  Both plants have oppositely-oriented leaves and bleed a white milky latex when cut. Name: Brenden Reinhart Flushing Michigan (Zone 6b) bhart90 Jun 1, 2016 8:41 PM CST.  I believe we have one here, dressed in a fuzzy vest! milkweed to avoid harvesting pods from similar plants such as hemp dogbane and swamp milkweed.  This is not my favorite textural experience, but seems like standard method for many wild foods. Milkweeds are found throughout North and South America, and several are cultivated as ornamentals. Stems: Erect, mostly solitary, simple to branced above, stout, glabrous or with lines of hairs extending downward from leaf bases. Brown-belted bumble bees seem to love common milkweed.  There are a few varieties of apocynum, or dogbane, and all are poisonous. Helps to see it. How Poisonous Is Milkweed to Humans?. a couple of small common milkweed plants, left. It has milky sap, and the leaves look a lot like milkweed leaves. Strain, and be sure to press out all remaining liquid. But the big one here, cut the stem. Branching dogbane shoots, Apocynum cannabinum, are more slender than milkweed shoots, have a slightly red tinge, and are smooth, but also have opposite, oval shaped leaves that are slightly fuzzy. Twinsburg, OH 44087. Notice the opposite leaf pattern and symmetry of asclepias syriaca, Common Milkweed.  If you’d like to collect your own in the fall, simply take a seed pod and open–keeping seeds together–this is important, otherwise you will have to defluff a billion seeds. Sap milky latex. Learn more about milkweed species and characteristics in this article.  Milkweed is poisonous raw and some people can react negatively even after eating the cooked plant. Phone: (330) 963-6243. Milkweed, genus of about 140 species of herbaceous perennial plants in the dogbane family (Apocynaceae). If you’ll be utilizing flowers or buds, inspect for tiny larvae. The flowers of dogbane form in flat clusters, where milkweed flowers form in ball shaped clusters.  It prefers dry soil. A Dogbane has opposite oblong leaves 4" long and white sap, Dogbane later develops branches off the main stalk and a Milkweed does not. Common milkweed has oppositely oriented, oval, slightly fuzzy leaves and unique little 5 petaled flowers that grow in radial clusters like pom-poms.  But I question to what degree. The larvae of blue milkweed beetles are known to be obligate root feeders on milkweed and dogbane. The leaves look like a cross between swamp milkweed and tropical milkweed, but with deeper veins. CONTACT US. Brightly colored swamp milkweed leaf beetles (Labidomera clivicollis, family Chrysomelidae) are one of my favorites; partly because they are somewhat rare. Have You Wondered What Milkweed Tastes Like?  More advanced foragers note that the customary double boiling process is unnecessary, but I always double boil milkweed. Dogbane is a native plant that likes to grow in similar areas as milkweed. See pictures and descriptions in this brochure.  To be honest, any plant that’s been boiled several minutes will taste somewhat bland and mushy.  As storm clouds rolled in overhead, I rolled out.  Only during the spring before flower buds form can milkweed be mistaken for its mildly poisonous neighbor, dogbane. Follow down to earth raw on WordPress.com, An Easy No-Rinse Cleanser You can Make in Minutes, In Case You’ve Ever Wished to Eat Hairspray. Only during the spring before flower buds form can milkweed be mistaken for its mildly poisonous neighbor, dogbane. General Information Tinker’s Creek Watershed Partners P.O. Even though it is found in wet meadows and swamp margins, it is also happy in a well drained upland garden soil in […] When in doubt, don’t eat common milkweed.  There are other varieties of asclepias, including swamp milkweed, asclepius incarnata, and butterfly milkweed, asclepius tuberosa. There is a slight reddish tinge to the vein that runs through the middle of the leaf, dividing it in two.  Well, perhaps the fire strengthens the seeds. Milkweed has hollow stems and dogbane has solid stems (thank you Jodi and Linda for these tips). White swamp milkweed.  This would make quite a show, and was a fun way to spend an afternoon at work!  When identifying the young plant, it may be helpful to use a magnifying glass to inspect stem for tiny hairs. Monarch butterflies lay their eggs on just one type of plant, and that’s milkweed (genus Asclepias). Planting Time: Milkweed plants can be planted in spring or fall. The flowers also look quite different. Since the protection offered by sequestering these chemicals in parts of their bodies is the reason Monarchs have evolved to specialize on Milkweeds, maybe they can evolve to use dogbanes, too. Milkweed species in the genus Asclepias contain cardiac glycosides that are poisonous to humans, but they pose the most danger to … Email :  Seems like a lot of work, bringing water to a boil over and over like that. And milkweed is thicker, stouter, bigger leaves.  Historically butterfly milkweed, also known as butterfly-weed, or Pleurisy Root has been considered medicinal–according to alternative medicine expert Karen Burgeron, perhaps the most valuable alternative medicine of all American species. Native Americans used the fibers inside the stems to make string, thread, rope, baskets, snares, netting, and clothing. Milkweeds love Michigan, and several butterfly milkweeds are lurking just beneath our field of vision, hidden here behind curtains of grass. And, simply because I love black and white plant photography: Besides looking really unique, this plant attracts interesting and colorful bugs including red milkweed beetle, western honey bees, and most famously, Monarch butterflies.  If you’ve boiled in a couple changes of water and the plant is bitter, you have the wrong plant!  Dogbane is a native plant that likes to grow in similar areas as milkweed.  Begin by immersing in heavily boiling for 20 minutes, drain water, add new water and boil again for another 20 minutes. The flowers resemble milkweed in this species of dogbane but it is not the exact same flowers. Quest for fire. Swamp Milkweed eventually matures to forms clumps up to 36" across.  But eating plants does allow us to get to know them more intimately, and milkweed is a tender, relatively worthwhile forage. I have read that butterfly milkweed is poisonous and emetic–that’s enough to keep me from eating it! It is in the same plant family as milkweed. Swamp milkweed can be easily distinguished from other milkweeds with pink flowers by its long narrow leaves. Dogbane will also branch out, milkweed does not.  According to “Wildman” Steve Brill, the young upper leaves are only edible through mid to late spring. Asclepias perennis. Leaves of swamp milkweed are long, up to 8 inches long, but are also narrow, no more than 2 inches wide. I can get over 12 feet of basswood inner bark but it's not close to the strength of dogbane or milkweed. The problem with dogbane is that Monarch and Queen caterpillars will not eat it. Milkweed plants (asclepias) are bigger than dogbane and their leaves are broader.   Dogbane has more of a reddish stem when mature and develops many branches.  Upon noticing a couple of tiny milkweeds, I was reminded of what limited time I have to enjoy the shoots and leaves of this plant.  My coworker Whitney and I would line up the seeds in heart and star shapes and watch the fire run along the seeds like dominoes. The stalks of the plants look more like tropical milkweed.  Before defulffing, or pulling the fluff from the seed, store seeds in an open cardboard box lined with newspaper, and keep in a dry place. Dogbane Swamp Common Milkweed Differences. [email protected], Example: Yes, I would like to receive emails from Tinkers Creek Watershed Partners. All parts of milkweed will ooze a white, milky latex when cut. The leaves are more “waxy” on the milkweed than the dogbane. I've made all of 3 strings, and the Swamp Milkweed is kicking my arse.....might oughta just listen to Holiday, Im liable to get ya hurt.  It is commonly found as a roadside weed, but doesn’t reseed as easily as common milkweed. Some species of dogbane grows flowers that closely resemble milkweed flowers.  I’ve read of people changing water 4-5 times with smaller boiling intervals. All Asclepias were formerly in family Asclepiadaceae but have been reassigned to Apocynaceae (Dogbane). Mar 25, 2015 - Can you tell which plant is dogbane and which is milkweed?  According to many sources, the leaves and stem are best eaten when just unfurling, or under 8 inches in height.  A warm infusion of the root extract can be applied as a warm poultice to burns, skin ulcers, and wounds. One blue milkweed beetle earned an honorable mention in the University of Florida Book of Insect Records for this behavior. Swampostor! Dogbane has a dark stem, where milkweed TENDS to have pale green stems. Dogbane makes skinny ones, some look like string beans. Unlike most herbs, it prefers wet locations.. A few sources (Natural History Museum; The Book of Swamp and Bog by John Eastman) say that Monarchs may use Spreading Dogbane as a caterpillar food plant. Female blue milkweed beetles are polyandrous, meaning they mate with multiple partners. Do not eat butterfly milkweed.  Be aware, and never eat a plant you can’t positively identify. Dogbane also exudes a milky latex when cut. Small Milkweed Bug (Lygaeus kalmii) nymphs on Indian Hemp Dogbanes even have a beetle named after them, the Dogbane Beetle ( Chrysochus auratus ). Despite their common name, both the adults and larvae feed on the leaves of several members of the dogbane family. Common milkweed has green stems while dogbane has red stems. When mature, the dogbane stem branches in the upper portion of the plant.  I would be sure not to separate the seeds after taking them out of the pod–this is worth repeating, because remember, if you separate all of the seeds at first, you’ll be defluffing hundreds of individual seeds.  Plus as the name implies, it is weedy.  Then store seeds in the refrigerator over the winter in airtight plastic bags, or plant immediately in the fall. Asclepias syriaca, commonly called common milkweed, butterfly flower, silkweed, silky swallow-wort, and Virginia silkweed, is a species of flowering plant.It is in the genus Asclepias, the milkweeds.This species is native to southern Canada and of much of the conterminous eastern U.S., east of the Rocky Mountains, excluding the drier parts of the prairies. I finished my second dogbane bowstring the other week. The Dogbane is also poisonous.  Dogbane’s flowers look much different than milkweed, so any confusion would probably come in earlier stages of development. Locate common milkweed stands for seed pod collection beside roadways, in pastures, meadows, along railroad tracks, bike paths, highway medians, agricultural field margins, vacant land, cultivated Swamp Milkweed $ 6.00. Differences: Common milkweed has a hairy stem, unlike dogbane.  It is considered a poisonous but suppodsedly an important medicinal plant when used topically. Habit: Flower: Leaf:  You will want to remove the white fluff from the seeds to increase chance of germination. There are several videos on youtube about this. Gardening for Butterflies, Birds and Bees forum: Dogbane vs. Milkweed. Views: 4421, Replies: 18 » Jump to the end. General Information Email : [email protected] JOIN OUR NEWS LETTER.  Interestingly butterfly milkweed does not produce a milky sap, either. If it's hallow, you have milkweed. Phone: (330) 963-6243. Butterfly milkweed is orange, with very similar flowers to common milkweed.  I’ve never experienced any ill effects from milkweed.  Here comes the tricky part: when I worked in the Natural Areas department of the Park District, we would burn the fluff with a lighter. As the plant matures it will have more branching in comparison to common milkweed and the flowers are very different. 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